As in the United States the Vietnam War coincided with the rise of the so called New Left in Sweden and extreme leftist ideas were an important theme in the pro-Hanoi activities in the Swedish context as well.
The pro-Hanoi street demonstrations in Europe evolved into a violent terrorist struggle from which a number of terrorist organizations emerged like the Baader-Meinhof Gang (Rote Armee Fraktion) in West Germany and similar terrorist groups in France, England, and Italy.
Sweden was (and is) a special case. At the beginning of the increased American military and civilian support for South Vietnam the government in Stockholm was led by moderate social democrats. After Olof Palme took over as prime minister,an ”anti-imperialist” and anti-American course became even more radical. The Swedish government willingly provided the regimes in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Ethiopia, Somalia and not least North Vietnam with extensive aid, although these regimes…
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